Filed Under Architecture

Order Up! . . .

Eating at the Modern Diner

Step through the doors of the Modern Diner, slide into a window booth or snag a stool at the counter, and order two eggs, toast, and a side of hash browns. Order up!

In 1940, the Modern Diner opened on Dexter Street in downtown Pawtucket. Patrons could choose a booth along the diner’s windows or perch on one of the stainless steel stools that lined the narrow countertop separating the diners from the small galley kitchen. The Modern Diner quickly became a bustling breakfast hub serving up large plates of eggs, bacon, pancakes, and daily specials including the Rhode Island favorite, the “Cabinet,” a coffee flavored drink akin to frappes or milkshakes.

Small prefabricated eateries began to appear in American cities in the early twentieth century, replacing traditional food wagons as a source of casual cuisine. By the 1920s, the term “diner” had entered popular lexicon. Diners reflected popular styles, and by the 1930s, many diners featured aerodynamic shapes, curving silhouettes, and bright chrome accents – all hallmarks of the “Streamline Moderne” style of the Art Deco movement. Inspired by the sleek trains that crisscrossed the country, particularly the elegant new “Zephyr” trains of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad, designer Roland Stickney created the “Sterling Streamliner Diner.”

From 1939 until 1942, Sterling Streamliner diners were fabricated by the J.B. Judkins Coach Company, of Merrimac, Massachusetts, a company primarily known for its custom car bodies. Sales of diners offered an alternative market for companies affected by the decline of automobile sales during the Great Depression. Selling at around $15,000, Judkins’ Sterling Streamliners were the ultimate diner, with porcelain-clad exteriors and interiors accented with mahogany trim. They were built in four-foot modules that could be easily shipped and assembled at their final destination. Advertisements even marketed this feature with the claim that additional sections could be added as patronage increased. Unfortunately, only seventeen Sterling Streamliners diners were produced before the United States’ entry into World War II curtailed most civilian industries.

Today, the Modern Diner is one of only two Sterling Streamliners still in operation. It gained widespread recognition in 1978, becoming the first diner added to the National Register of Historic Places. The Modern Diner also gained notoriety after attracting the attention of Disney. In the early 1990s, Walt Disney Company sold thousands of shirts featuring Mickey and Minnie Mouse standing before the Modern Diner and its iconic neon sign. While attempting to tap into the origins of Americana, the company overlooked copyright laws and soon after, the owners of the Modern Diner filed suit against Walt Disney Company and won.

At first glance, the Modern Diner retains its historic 1940s appearance. After it was moved to East Avenue in the 1980s, however, an additional structure – containing modern amenities like an expanded kitchen and restrooms – was attached to the rear of the diner. Although the diner’s menu has expanded over the years to meet the tastes of new clientele, the traditional diner fare of breakfast is still their specialty.

Ready for breakfast?


Modern Diner
Modern Diner The Modern Diner, seen here at its current location on East Avenue. Although the diner has a sizeable addition built onto the back of it, it still retains the character of a 1940s diner. Notice the vertical joints visible between each window where the diner modules were attached together after being shipped in four-foot segments. Source: Kenneth Zirkel,
Diner "Depot"
Diner "Depot" Prefabricated Sterling Streamliner diners were small and compact. Within the diners, space was at a premium and cooks had to managed with a small galley kitchen. The addition, seen here from the side, provided needed space for a new entrance and a modern kitchen. Source: Eccentric Roadside Blog
Modern Diner on Dexter Street
Modern Diner on Dexter Street The Modern Diner, in its original location in downtown Pawtucket. The diner abutted a building, which resulted in the differences between the two ends of the building. In 1986, the rundown diner was saved from demolition, moved to its location on East Avenue, and restored to its original glory. Source: Historic American Building Survey, Library of Congress
Dining at the Modern Diner
Dining at the Modern Diner An interior view of the Modern Diner, showing the clean lines and sleek furnishings that characterized Sterling Streamliners. Most of the diner’s interior was clad with white porcelain, a choice that appealed to the popular aesthetics of the time and was also easy to clean and maintain. Originally, the diner could seat about fifty-five customers at a time.


364 East Ave Pawtucket, RI 02860


Sophia LaCava-Bohanan, “Order Up! . . .,” Rhode Tour, accessed July 21, 2024,