Filed Under Architecture

The Legacy of the Rochambeau House

The Home of Two Great Rhode Islanders, Now a Place of Higher Learning

The house was named for Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), the French General who fought alongside George Washington in several critical endeavors—including the siege of Yorktown and the Battle of the Chesapeake—in the American Revolutionary War.

De Vimeur landed in Newport, Rhode Island in 1780, and had under his command several thousand French troops with whom he was to assist the Continental Army, under General George Washington. The French chateau that now stands at 84 Prospect Street was dubbed the Rochambeau House in honor of de Vimeur’s outstanding achievements during the war, and it is rumoured that at times, he was in command of more men than Washington, himself. The Comte, however, never actually resided in the house, as it was not constructed until 1929, more than a century after his death.

Nowhere inside the house is there any mention of the Comte's legacy, though there is a marble plaque in the building’s main foyer commemorating the life of another remarkable individual: Mary Elizabeth Evans Sharpe, of Providence, Rhode Island. Sharpe was the wife of a Providence-based industrialist, Henry Dexter Sharpe Sr., who later became the twelfth Chancellor of Brown University. The Sharpes commissioned the Boston-based architectural firm of Parker, Thomas, and Rice to design their dream home, and after its completion in 1929, Mary Sharpe lived there until her death in 1985 (Mr. Sharpe having passed away in 1954). After her passing, her only son, Henry D. Sharpe Jr., donated the house to Brown University in his mother’s honor, knowing how she and his father had for so many years worked with and loved the University community, and how she wanted to see her home remain in the care of the family's alma mater.

Mrs. Sharpe was an avid gardener and self-taught landscape architect, and over the decades during which she lived at 84 Prospect St., ensured that the house was always surrounded by beautifully-tended gardens and greenery; in the spirit of her love for garden and landscape design, the University still maintains the gardens on the grounds, today. Just outside the front door, on each side of the entrance to her home, stand two beautiful examples of Mrs. Sharpe's favorite tree: the Japanese cherry blossom, whose delicate boughs still embrace visitors and welcome her guests into the house today.

The house was given the name "Rochambeau" as a commemoration of the Comte's stay in Providence during the Revolutionary War, where he and his troops were actually sheltered at Brown (then known as The College in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations) before a march through Connecticut to connect with General Washington. De Vimeur remained in the newly-born United States for only a few years after the war, and upon his return to France, he became a key supporter of the French Revolution. That it, while his stay here in our humble Rhode Island was a brief one, his legacies have left an indelible mark upon our community and our history.


84 Prospect St. (Entry).
84 Prospect St. (Entry). This is a view of the front door to the house. While many home's interior features have been updated to accommodate it's present purpose as an academic building, many of the original fixture, including the wooden door and the front stairs, have been faithfully preserved. Source: Brown University, Department of French Studies.
84 Prospect Street (Foyer)
84 Prospect Street (Foyer) The foyer of 84 Prospect Street, taken in 1980, while Mrs. Sharpe still resided there. The statue and the decorated panels to each side of the photo are still on display in the building today, as a gesture of respect to the many pieces of fine art the Mrs. Sharpe collected over the years. The marble floors are original, and are still maintained. Source: Brown University, Department of French Studies. Date: 1980
A Snapshot of 84 Prospect Street, circa 1929
A Snapshot of 84 Prospect Street, circa 1929 This old photo, taken almost ninety years ago, offers a view of the house from opposite street corner, at the intersection of Prospect and Cushing Streets. The stone wall that wraps around the house still stands today, and the house is now primarily hidden from view from the street due to the abundance of trees that have been planted all around the grounds. Source: Brown University, Department of French Studies. Date: 1929
A view of the rear terrace of the Rochambeau House
A view of the rear terrace of the Rochambeau House Mrs. Sharpe's incredible passion for gardening meant that the house was always surrounded by beautiful greenery. This photo is taken from the lower terrace in the rear of the house, showing the stairs that lead up into the upper terrace, the patio, and the doors into what is now the kitchen. Source: Brown University, Department of French Studies.
A House with History
A House with History In the foyer of the Rochambeau House, a plaque commemorates the heritage of the building. The inscription reads: "In memory of Jean de Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau Maréchal de France and Commandment of French Forces encamped at Providence during the American Revolution, by Mary Elizabeth Sharpe, wife of Henry Dexter Sharpe. She lived here with joy and inspiration for fifty-four years." Source: Remington L. Stuck Private Collection Date: 2017


84 Prospect Street, Providence RI, 02912


Remington L . Stuck, “The Legacy of the Rochambeau House,” Rhode Tour, accessed May 20, 2024,