Filed Under Maritime

Lifesaving Station

For twelve-year-old Elizabeth Ann Mills, September 21, 1938, began as a fairly normal day.

Around Elizabeth’s home at Westport Harbor, just down the shore from the lifesaving station, the winds were high and people were preparing for a storm, but most were not too worried. However, by late afternoon the storm surge was reaching dangerous levels. Elizabeth saw the wind and water sweep the house next door away and across the street, and soon after, the elements burst into her own home.

“The water was so deep that the furniture was floating around in the living room,” Elizabeth remembered. “We went upstairs and looked out the windows at the storm and saw some of the other houses knocked over by waves and disappear.”

Elizabeth and her housekeeper, Mary, decided they needed to leave before their own home met the same fate. They burst out through the garage door and were immediately swept away by waves. The tide was so extreme that it carried Elizabeth across Westport Harbor all the way to the Acoaxet Golf Club, making her dodge furniture and debris in the waves for over half an hour before depositing her on dry land. Mary, unable to swim, disappeared into the ocean.

Elizabeth’s house also did not survive the storm. In fact, the Hurricane of ‘38 destroyed almost every building on East Beach and Horseneck Beach. Only three structures survived intact. One of these buildings, remaining standing today, is the Horseneck Point Lifesaving Station.

The station was established in 1888 by the Humane Society of Massachusetts as part of a network of lifesaving stations around the coast, built to aid boaters in peril. In that era, systems of navigation were unreliable and ships, mostly powered by sails, were at the mercy of the weather, making shipwrecks a serious problem. Each lifesaving station was equipped with a lifeboat and other emergency gear, and managed by a keeper who hired and trained a crew for rescues.

The Horseneck Point Lifesaving Station’s best-remembered keeper was Frederick Burdon “Burt” Head. Burt was an experienced mariner who’d been living on East Beach for years in an old bowling alley he converted into a boarding house. In addition to working as keeper, Burt ran a business guiding and lodging duck hunters. At the height of his business, Burt says he’d host as many as 150 gunners each hunting season, and sometimes shoot up to 86 ducks in a day himself.

By the time of the 1938 hurricane, the Horseneck Point Lifesaving Station had been decommissioned and converted into a restaurant that served beachgoers in Westport Harbor’s growing tourism industry. The station’s new owners had built around the original structure, putting up a number of additions to accommodate their business, but throughout the years, the lifesaving station’s original core structure remained intact and withstood the hurricane.

In 2007, the Westport Fishermen’s Association leased the building and restored the lifesaving station to its original appearance and turned it into a museum. Today, the museum houses a replica of an original lifeboat once used at lifesaving stations to rescue distressed sailors, though rarely in weather as bad as the hurricane the station miraculously survived.

Images

Horseneck Point Lifesaving Station This photograph shows the lifesaving station in its original structure, while it was still in active use. After the station was decommissioned in 1913, its new owners remodeled it to serve a number of purposes including bar, clam shack, and ice cream parlor. Today, the Westport Fishermen’s Association has restored the building as close as possible to its original form. Source: http://westhist.pastperfectonline.com/photo/D721C3E4-6124-4F8B-8556-050264605820
Storm Surge during the Hurricane of 1938 The hurricane of ‘38 brought massive storm surges that damaged and even destroyed a huge number of buildings along Westport’s coast. This photo was taken during the storm in the Acoaxet neighborhood, just across the harbor from Horseneck Point. Source: http://westhist.pastperfectonline.com/photo/6111B4BE-6637-42ED-A38B-628817847920 Date: 1938
Before and After the Hurricane This set of photographs demonstrates how thoroughly the Hurricane of ‘38 wiped out cottages and other structures along Horseneck Beach. The top photo shows the shoreline before the hurricane, and the bottom photo shows the empty expanse left behind by the storm. Source: http://westhist.pastperfectonline.com/photo/F912EAA2-C22E-4424-A396-567829598366 Creator: E. D. West Co., S. Yarmouth, Cape Cod, Mass. Date: 1938
Frederick Burdon “Burt” Head Burt Head was the lifesaving station’s second keeper. In addition to running the station, Burt was an avid duck hunter and ran a business lodging and guiding other hunters. He perished in the Hurricane of ’38. Source: http://westhist.pastperfectonline.com/photo/CF370AA3-797C-471F-99B3-776673347124 Date: 1876-1938
Life Boat The lifesaving station was equipped with a small wooden boat for rescues. It sat in the station on a wagon, ready to be rolled out to the shore at any moment. This photograph shows a reconstructed model of the Horseneck Point station’s original boat and wagon, commissioned by the Westport Fisherman’s Association. Source: The Westport Fishermen’s Association report on the Horseneck Point Lifesaving Station. http://westportriver.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Story-of-HPLSS-Dec-2010.pdf Creator: Westport Fishermen's Association Date: 2009
The Lifesaving Station Today Horseneck Point Lifesaving Station has now been restored and converted into a museum operated by the Westport Fishermen’s Association. Visitors can see the station and replica rescue boat as well as rotating exhibits on Westport’s maritime history in the visitor center next door. Source: http://westportriver.org/horseneck-point-life-saving-station/ Creator: Westport Fishermen's Association Date: 2017

Location

241 E Beach Rd Westport, MA 02790

Metadata

Lauren Black, “Lifesaving Station,” Rhode Tour, accessed December 2, 2022, https://rhodetour.org/items/show/234.