Filed Under Mills

Brookside Conservation Area

With no record of the origins of the name Bread and Cheese Brook, it’s easy to imagine possible sources of inspiration.

According to local legend, in 1776 militia from the Head of Westport broke ranks with the remainder of their contingent to eat bread and cheese and to drink from the brook. The brook could also have been named after simple meals eaten on its banks by picnickers, farm and mill workers, and lovers of nature. As its importance to the residents of Westport evolved, Bread and Cheese Brook’s ambiguous name continued to reflect its practical and recreational uses.

In the 18th century, the land that forms the Brookside Conservation Area held farms and homes of prominent Westport families including the Babcocks and the Giffords. Bread and Cheese Brook was central to this early agricultural economy, its water important to livestock and its banks a popular spot to dine on produce from fields and pastures

In addition to his farm, George Gifford built a grain mill powered by the flow of the brook’s waters. In keeping with Westport’s colorful place names, locals referred to Gifford’s enterprise as Mouse Mill, since it supposedly processed only enough grain to feed a mouse. As Westport’s economy expanded and technology improved, the Giffords converted the Mouse Mill into a shingle and wagon spoke factory. A bit further downstream, where the brook joins the Noquochoke River, more powerful currents powered larger mills in the 19th century. Perhaps mill workers joined farmhands eating a quick lunch beside the brook.

In the 20th century, lunch at the brook moved indoors to the Brookside restaurant where diners enjoyed the view through windows. By 2009, the restaurant stood abandoned and Westport voters approved expenditure from the Community Preservation Fund to protect the socially and environmentally important area and to provide public access. Today, the Brookside Conservation Area is managed by the Westport Land Conservation Trust for the benefit of residents and visitors.

Although people today might be more likely to bring peanut butter and jelly to the brook rather than bread and cheese, lunching on its banks is still an important part of the brook’s identity along with fishing, hiking, and enjoying the picturesque remains of the century-old Granite Bridge.

Although Westport’s economy no longer depends on Bread and Cheese Brook, the health of the Westport River Watershed and the town’s aquifer still rely on this small portion of the river system. The Westport River Watershed Alliance works with the town of Westport to monitor the conditions of Bread and Cheese Brook to ensure its future enjoyment by picnickers, hikers, and nature lovers.


Fishing on the Granite Bridge
Fishing on the Granite Bridge While the Granite Bridge served a practical purpose, acting as a throughway for farmers and mill workers, it was also a place of leisure and relaxation. This example of casual interaction with the brook highlights the importance of the water system in the day-to-day lives of Westport residents, both in the past and present. Source:
The Granite Bridge Today
The Granite Bridge Today The remains of the Granite Bridge are still visited by hikers exploring the paths of the Brookside Conservation Area. The bridge continues to exist as an inviting spot for fishermen and nature lovers, even after 100 years. Source: Creator: Westport Land Trust Date: 2017
Bread and Cheese Brook
Bread and Cheese Brook Today it is hard to imagine Bread and Cheese Brook’s connection to Westport’s factory industry. By revisiting this part of the brook’s past, visitors can appreciate the brook as an important source of energy and livelihood for past generations of Westport inhabitants. Source: Creator: Westport Land Trust Date: 2017
Mouse Mill Brook
Mouse Mill Brook Branching off of Bread and Cheese Brook, Mouse Mill Brook carried water to several mills on its banks before flowing into Mill Pond. Today, the two brooks and Mill Pond are protected by the Westport Land Conservation Trust. Source:


1013 American Legion Hwy, Westport, MA 02790


Julia Bianchi, “Brookside Conservation Area,” Rhode Tour, accessed May 22, 2024,